A healthy and well-functioning gut is essential for a good piglet performance. Since 70-80% of the immune cells are located in the gut, a healthy gut, means a healthy piglet (Furness et al., 1999). In the gut there is a continuous battle between the good and bad bacteria. More and more research is being done to know what the microbiota looks like and what influences this microbiota. This will help us to answer a lot of questions. In a healthy animal the microbiota (pathogens and beneficial bacteria) are perfectly in balance. A disease or stress can disrupt this balance and pathogenic bacteria can overcrowd and cause infections. How to maintain this healthy balance?
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